The introduction to Sassanid Archaeological Landscape Of Fars
The Sassanid Archaeological Landscape Of Fars is eight archaeological sites located in three ancient regions; Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan, southwest of Fars province.
Sassanid Archaeological are one of the four works that were recorded at the UNESCO World Heritage Committee meeting on June 30, 2018, to bring the number of Iranian works recorded among the UNESCO World Heritage List to 23, and Fars province works to 5.
These structures and towns are related to 224 to 658 BC
In December 2016, Iran sent Sassanid Archaeological case to Fars province 1000-page document to UNESCO, and UNESCO in its forty-second annual session held in Bahrain in June 2018, put these work together with three other works on the UNESCO World heritage list.
sites of Sassanid Archeological
This castle made by Ardashir I, on the hillside overlooking the firuzabad kavar road
The name of the castle was dedicated to the goddess Anahita, to whom the term “maiden” refers.
The castle is built on a high bluff which overlooks the river and roadway running south from Fars. After capturing Isfahan and Kerman from the Parthians, ardashir rebuilt the city of gur near the castle ir Pirouzabad, making it his capital.
Ardashir Investiture Relief
This is one of the Ardashir Babkan petroglyphs
In this petroglyph AhuraMazda and Ardashir are stand infront of each other and AhuraMazda while giving the royal ring from the altar of fire to ardashir, assigns him to king.
Behind Ardashir , crown prince shapur and two other princes stand.
This stonemasonry is related to Sassanid Archaeological period, with the height of 7 meters at 70/3 located in firuzabad.
Victory Relief of Ardashir
This petroglyph is related to Sassanid Archaeological period that shows battle between Ardashir and Artabanus IV, of Parthia who was the last king of the parthrians.
This stonemasonry with 18 meters long and around 4 meters high is the largest surviving petroglyph In Iran.
In this stinecraft, six horse riders are seen in three groups of single-handed warriors: on the right Ardashir defeat Ardavan’s axes; in the middle, crown prince shapur overrides chief minister of Ardavan.
The city of gor is related to Sassanid Archaeological period, its an ancient city in the city of firuzabad, fars province.
The design and pattern of this city is circular, with the diameter of 2 kilometers with 4 main gates, and government buildings and courthous.
Gor is first city of iran and one of the world’s first circular cities.
Some ancient historians bring the Gore’s background to the Sassanid Archaeological era. According to them, a large city grave was tight with a fance, so that the Elamites could not attack the “grave.” So the Elamites closed the riverbank toward the city with mud straw for four years, the dam broke down and water caused the turrets of the city of Gore to collapse.
Palace of Ardashir
Ardashir Babkan palace is one of the Sassanid Archaeological historical attractions and tourism in firuzabad, that also is known as the atash-kadeh.
This palace is over 1800 years old, but the upper part of the walls is still healthy.
The structure contains three domes, among other features, making it slightly larger and more magnificent than its predecessor, the nearby castle of Dezh Dokhtar. However, it seems that the compound was designed to display the royalty image of Ardashir I, rather than being a fortified structure for defense purposes.
City of Bishapur
One of the ancient cities of Iran in the central part of Kazerun and Fars province, which was build during the Sassanid Archaeological era, and today its ruins remain.
Bishapur is one of the oldest cities in the history of its construction. Bishapur has been a city of design and engineering of its own day. In the historical books, the name of this city has been titled as Bishapur, Bishabur, Be shapur, Bishavar and “Be andyushapur” .
The city of Bishapur was the capital of the state and the ardashir khorra furnace.
Shapur Cave at the end of Tang-e- Polo and four kilometers from the city of Bishapur , Kazerun, is the most important Sassanid capital at an altitude of about 800 meters from the ground and its crater is about 30 meters.
At the entrance to this cave, Shapur statue is located, and for this reason the Cave is known as Shapur.
Shapur statue is 1700 years old from Sassanid Archaeological and its still helthy. It’s the only remaining statue of ancient times.
At the time of the reign of Mohammadreza Shah Pahlavi he ordered the sculptur of ShapurI, after 1000 years to be restored.
This palace at sarvestan is a Sassanid Archaeological -era building in the Iranian city of sarvestan, some 90 km southeast from the city of Shiraz.
The palace was build under the authority of Bahram Gor by his famous minister Nersi.
This palace is look like Firuzabad Palace but smaller than that.
This building is one of the most magnificent palaces of the Sassanid Archaeological -era.
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