About Atashgah, the Zoroastrian Fire Temple
Atashgah, the Zoroastrian Fire Temple is a historical structure, one of the impressions from ancient Iran. In other words, in the western part of Isfahan, there is a mountain with the name of Atashgah on top of which a fire temple from Sassanid era has been left. It is the third largest fire temples among seven fire temples left from ancient Iran. The original and ancient name of the place is Mehrebin or Mehrebin temple, and some people call it Marbin temple or Atashgah.
This mason is on top of Atashgah mountain. Actually, Isfahan Atashgah location is 8 kilometers from west of Isfahan, near Monar Jonban and Zayande river. The building plan is circle, with sun-dried bricks constructed from clay soil. Although it looks circular in exterior view, its interior look is octagonal.
History of Atashgah
Atashgah main inspiration was the Zoroastrianism, the major religions of the two great dynasties of ancient Persia, the Achaemenids and Sassanids. Surrounding the temple, you can see pre-Islamic decay all of which are from sun-dried bricks. It seems that the structure presumably was used by Zoroastrian priests and pilgrims. Based on the evidence, The Zoroastrian living in Isfahan had used this place for pray.
The architecture of Atashgah is a wonder of its time. The design is round with eight sides all of which has a large window that enabled people to see the fire from each window. There is also an entrance door. Base on the evidence, Zoroastrian priests made fire inside the temple and started to say prayers. Atashgah and its fire temple on top registered in the list of national monuments of Iran in 1951, with the registration number of 380. It really worth to register in UNESCO’S World Heritage sites too.
Materials of the structure
Atashgah hill is a sedimentary rock. The building is a large, circular fireplace with multiple hatchways. The building is made of raw mud bricks 3 cm in length and 5 cm in diameter from materials, bricks, mud and gravel and reed beds.
The large, sun-dried pedestals began almost from the middle of the hill of the fireplace, and at the top became strong columns with rooms in the past. At the top of the hill, there is a round building, with no taller building. The building has eight corners and a window facing each corner.
Atashgah maintenance and repairment
Unfortunately, there is not sufficient attendance for this complex today. There are some holes in the texture of the buildings which treasure hunters dug. Visitors also play an important role in keeping the monument. Due to the brick structure of the building and the vulnerability of hill shape, there is more potential for collapse, especially on rainy days.
When you reach the top of the mountain ultimately, and after refreshing your breath, you will praise the ancient temple. The amazing view of the city is also eye-capturing especially at night. We do not recommend visiting this place to elderly people or people who are unable of climbing the rocky mountain. One of our passengers said that after passing a hard way, just the time that he felt regretful of choosing this place t visit, he found some stones where a history of Zoroastrian culture and the view of the city started to appear. He claimed that this place really worth a visit.
How to visit this place?
There are many ways to visit Atashgah. You can reach Sheykh Bahaei street and go down the street through west by taxi or bus. You can merge your visit of Atashgah with Monar Jonban while traveling to Iran traveling to Iran. As the place is a bit far from the city center, we recommend you to let us provide you a local guide in order to have an unforgettable visit. For more Information, please contact us.